What is Search Engine Optimization?

search engine optimization

In this era, websites are at the stage where they are needed. Creating your blog or website is an easy task, and building it in WordPress makes it more flexible. What else do you think is essential besides the design and setup of your website? The answer is search engine optimization. You must be thinking about what SEO is and how it works?

Search engine optimization (SEO) is of paramount importance or is a fundamental need for website ranking. When you hear this, you may think it’s the most challenging part. But the answer is no. With the proper guidance, there is nothing impossible in this world.

We hope you understand the meaning of SEO. In addition to the definition of SEO, this article contains everything you need to know about search engine optimization, from basic SEO terminology to the importance of SEO.

Importance of SEO ( Search Engine Optimization)

Let’s talk about the remarkable fact that SEO makes more than 100,000 searches a month. You know a lot of this. You’ll be wondering why people search so much about SEO and why everyone is competing to learn SEO technology. What is the importance of SEO? Your question is in my favorite shared article on the significance of SEO. Still, the 10% important point is also mentioned here.

Believe it or not, SEO is the only way to bring your website, blog, or online store to an unattainable level and ensure heavy traffic.

Search engine optimization is essential for many reasons.

  1. Most users prefer to browse the Top 5 or Top 10 Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs) for a particular query. Search engine optimization is necessary to get your web page or website into the top 5 or top 10 results.
  2. If your competitor’s website is also working well, in this case, a search engine optimized website can attract multiple visitors or customers.
  3. Google, like search engine results pages, is considered the most trusted search engine. Almost every Internet user visits Google once a day, with billions of users. Therefore, SEO appears in search results and is the best way to increase organic traffic.
  4. It is essential to understand the ever-changing world’s expansive web environment. Without SEO, you wouldn’t know the hottest topics in a niche market. Search engine optimization ensures that you know the most searched keywords.
  5. Any strategy you use may make your website or blog famous, but it won’t last long. There is no better option than SEO that can have long-term results.
  6. With SEO, you can find out how your website runs on search engines, bounce rates, strengths and weaknesses, website clicks, and more.
  7. It provides the audience or your customers with a completely different level of understanding.
  8. SEOs are ten times more likely to get traffic.

SEO basics

Do you think the actual SEO method, which skips the primary SEO method, is better? Beginners who want to achieve something may cut it. But I don’t know which step I missed or how important it is.

Imagine what to do if you are asked to write a dissertation on your first day before school. Of course, the basics are not transparent, and I have never studied A, B, C, D, so I can’t even write a letter. Now you understand the importance of the foundation.

As with advanced SEO techniques, the basics of SEO are just as essential.

The basic knowledge of SEO is as follows.

1. Know Your Audience – To get better results, you need to know your target audience. Whether to target people in India, the United States, the United Kingdom, California, Australia, or anywhere globally.

2. Know your competitors – Track your competitors, what they are doing, and what they are offering. Winners are those who never underestimate their competitors.

3. Keyword Survey – List the most searched keywords and try using them about 4-5 times in your content, depending on the length of your content. You can use a variety of keyword research tools available online.

4. Website Structure – This means the look of your website. It should look attractive and organized. Besides, it should be easy to navigate. Almost every page on your website should be linked to one or more pages on your website and treat you as a user.

5. Title – Give a fascinating and engaging title with a minimum of 45 characters and a maximum of 55 characters. To improve the click rate (click rate), do not exceed the limit.

6. Meta Description – A description of about 150 to 155 characters gives a reasonable meaning. If the meta description is appropriate, it’s more likely to appear in the featured snippet.

        Example: <meta name = ”description” content = ”Your Description here” />

7. URL Structure – Use short, clean URLs to keep the URLs as user-friendly and straightforward as possible.

8. Legitimate URL – Used to notify search engines that a specific URL represents the main URL. This eliminates issues such as content duplication.

         Example: <link rel = ”canonical” href = ”Master URL” />

search engine optimization

9. Content Optimization – Create content so that users can stay on a web page longer. Try to explain in simple and few words. Use the TinyPNG tool and the ShortPixel plugin to add compressed images (for example, shorten 120kb images to 50kb or less) to reduce the time it takes to load your website.

10. Site loads faster – Do not include cached data, unused javascript, or CSS files on your site. The image should be compressed from its original size so that the website loads faster. That is, the site needs to be adjusted automatically. If the area needs more time to load, the user can close the site and move it to another location.

Tip: If you want to start your blog on WordPress, you can install the WP Rocket plugin “MaxCDN” and the ShortPixel plugin to speed up your blog/website page.

11. The website must be mobile-friendly (responsive). Most Internet users search using their mobile phones. Your website must be mobile-friendly.

12. Keep up to date – Keep up to date with the latest news. What is the latest SEO technology? Google has made changes in algorithms and many other areas.

13. Stay away from black hat search engine optimization. This is a short-term risk technique that is likely to cause problems. You should stay away from black hat SEO.

14. Follow Google Webmaster Guidelines – You may not know what you are doing right or wrong. Therefore, follow the Google Webmaster Guidelines before doing anything.

15. Monitor your website from time to time. I don’t know if your website can generate more potential customers or more sales and if your SEO strategy is effective. For all these things, you sometimes need to measure your results.

16. Actively engage in social media – Social media marketing is the best way to reach and understand your customers’ interests.

Basic search engine optimization terms

Before we read more about search engine optimization, we need to understand basic SEO terms. This will help you better understand the meaning of SEO. SEO contains over 200 essential words from the following most common search engine optimization terms:

  1. 301 redirect-This is a persistent server redirect from the old URL to the new URL without a “not found” error.
  2. A 301 redirect is a way to notify search engines that the URL of a web page URL has changed.
  3. Alt tag-Attribute of HTML image tag. The alt tag is the text that will be displayed if the image takes a long time or the image does not load.
  4. Anchor text-text that has a link to another page. In short, it’s the text that serves as a link to another page.
  5. Black Hat SEO – This is an unethical or unfair SEO technique that violates Google’s guidelines.
  6. Legitimate URL: This is your web page’s main URL and should be used as the primary URL or main URL (4 domain versions: www, non-www, HTTP, HTTPS) that you want your visitors to visit. Instruct—it at SERP seen in.
  7. Crawl-This is how search engines find new or updated content (web pages, images, videos, etc.).
  8. CTR (Click Through Rate)-The ratio of clicks to the number of users who visit a particular web page where the link is located.
  9. Deindexing- This means that the web page or website has been removed from the search engine index and will not appear in the search results.
  10. Run-Follow-These are links from one site to another and provide SEO credits. In short, it gives do-follow backlinks to other websites.
  11. Domain Authority (DA)-This is a search engine ranking score for third-party tools and defines website rankings.
  12. External Links-These links point to a different domain than the area in which they are located.
  13. Useful snippets (also known as rich snippets) are organic search boxes that appear at the top of search results after you perform a search.
  14. Google Search Console-This is a free program provided by Google that website owners can use to see the website’s behavior.
  15. Title-Text for HTML title tags, H1, H2, H3, H4, and H5 tags.
  16. Inbound Links-Links from another site to your site are considered the best ways to improve your site’s ranking.
  17. Index-An index is a database that stores all the data of a search engine. If the page is indexed, it will appear in search results for specific keywords.
  18. Indexing-This is the process by which search engines collect and store data for future use.
  19. Internal Links-Internal links are links that point to pages to other pages on your website.
  20. The keywords-Any any word that the user types in the search box. This is the most searched term.
  21. Keyword Density-The percentage or number of times a keyword appears on a web page.
  22. Link Building-This is the process of getting more and more inbound links for your website to get traffic.
  23. Meta Tags-Use a few words to tell search engines what your post or website is about. It consists of a meta description and a meta keyword.
  24. Nofollow – A link from one site to another, not giving SEO credits to another place. In short, it’s important to note that search engine indexes don’t have votes or links.
  25. Search Engine Optimization on Page-This is a search engine optimization on-page to improve your ranking. For example, internal links, increased keyword density, etc.
  26. Off-page search engine optimization-This is off-page search engine optimization to improve rankings-for example, link building.
  27. Organic Search Results-Except for ads, the results displayed for a particular query are organic search results.
  28. Natural Search-Enter any word in the search box and click the search button. This is an organic search.
  29. Natural Traffic-Except for free or natural search results, visits to your website are called organic traffic.
  30. PageRank (PR)-This is the algorithm Google uses to rank web pages and defines the importance of the webpage in the ranking factors.
  31. Page Authority (PA)-This is a search engine ranking score and is used to define the ranking of web pages in search results.
  32. Pageviews-Every time a visitor visits your website, it’s called a pageview.
  33. PPC (Pay-Per-Click)-Also known as CPC (Cost-Per-Click), PPC is a type of online ad click where advertisers pay users.
  34. RankBrain-Google’s algorithm is currently updated to process related search results.
  35. Site Map-A site map is a list of all the pages available on your website.
  36. SERP-Represents a search engine results page. This is the result page displayed after the search.
  37. Spiders (crawlers, robots, robots)-Search engine spiders check and report on new sites, new content, and other data, allowing search engines to index and rank them.
  38. URL (Persistent Link)-Uniform Resource Locator is the address of a particular web page.
  39. White Hat SEO – This is an ethical SEO method that follows Google’s guidelines.

How does search engine optimization work?

The main goal of search engines is to provide users with high-quality content and the best service that can meet their search motivations. You can only achieve this by optimizing your web pages through search engine optimization. SEO sounds like a complicated process, but to be honest, it’s not that complicated.

The question you might ask must be how SEO works? How do search engines identify pages related to a search? How do search engines determine the best content and rank web pages? Let me answer your question.

To understand exactly how SEO works, you need to understand the basics of SEO. After applying all the basic SEO techniques, it’s time to get the search engine working.

Search engines scan every website on the Internet, learn about it, and continue to work.

Search engines follow three steps to determine if the best relevant content is crawl, index, or ranking.

  • Crawl-This is the first step for search engines to send a team of robots such as crawlers, spiders, and robots to find new or updated content on the Internet. Content not only contains articles but can range from images, videos, PDFs to audio content.
  • Indexing-Whether a crawler, spider, or robot collects information from a search engine; it is stored in the search engine’s database. Keep in mind that not all crawled web pages are indexed. The content should be sufficient to index.
  • Ranking-Ranking the results (10 blue links) from highest to lowest is called ranking. In other words, the results are filled in from highest to lowest.

Types of search engine optimization

There are three main types of SEO.

If you want to rank your website higher, you need to perform all three types of SEO:

1. Search engine optimization on the page

This is an SEO that you perform on a web page or website to improve your ranking. SEO on the page is the most basic type of SEO you need to know. If the SEO on a web page is incorrect, how can you expect your website to be at the top of the list with other SEO techniques?

The most important thing you need to do under SEO on your page is proper keyword research. Find the most searched keywords and add them to your content. In addition to keyword research, another most critical technology in meta tags, meta descriptions, text formatting, faster page loading, mobile-friendly era, and search engine optimization on pages is internal links.

Content is the only thing that attracts visitors, so you need to be very enthusiastic about it. Create masterpiece content with eye-catching titles.

You need to do a good job first; you only have 10-12 seconds to influence a visitor to stay on your page longer. Google calculates how much time a visitor spends on your website. Therefore, the longer a visitor lasts on your website, the higher your ranking on search engines.

2. Off-page search engine optimization

Off-page SEO is a technique that you implement off-site after performing on-page SEO. Most beginners are often confused by the fact that off-page search engine optimization only involves link building. But this is not true. It is not limited to link building. This includes backlinks, visitor blogs, social media marketing, social bookmarking, and more.

3. Technical search engine optimization

If the technical SEO is incorrect, the entire SEO effort can be wasted. Handles website crawling and indexing. It provides a great user experience and helps search engines understand the quality of your website.

Technical SEO includes JavaScript, site maps, optimized Robots.txt and URL structure, site speed, site infrastructure, mobile-friendly, Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP), security, standardized URLs, etc.

Once you’ve completed the correct technical SEO, you don’t have to repeat it over and over again. Instead, you only need to review regular SEO audits.

Types of SEO technology

There are three main types of search engine optimization techniques.

search engine optimization

1. White hat SEO

Google Webmasters provide some SEO guidelines that website owners must follow. White hat SEO technology is the most ethical way to perform search engine optimizations to maintain site integrity and comply with Google’s webmaster guidelines. This refers to technologies that help improve the ranking of your website.

Although it requires more time and money, white hat SEO is the least risky and most commonly used long-term SEO technique. The primary methods of white hat SEO include high-quality content, faster website load times, link building, backlinks, easy-to-read websites, and good keyword density.

People who use white hat SEO techniques are more successful than those who use other SEO techniques.

2. Black hat SEO

If you are looking to gain popularity faster, you can use the black hat SEO technology. However, don’t forget to use it at your own risk. This is because the Black Hat SEO method is unethical, does not comply with, and violates Google Webmaster guidelines. It’s cost-effective and may save you money, but it won’t last long. Because it is a short-term technology, the risk is high.

Web pages and websites may not appear in search results because they violate search engine guidelines. Your website may be terminated due to penalties imposed by search engines.

This technique only reduces the quality of your website and lowers its ranking. Black hat SEO techniques include unnatural links, paid links, masquerading, keyword stuffing, sneaky redirects, blog comment spam, and numerous fragments to mark spam.

3. Gray Hat SEO

Gray Hat SEO is a technology that lies between the other two SEO methods. It does not violate the Google Webmaster Guidelines and does not comply with these guidelines.

Please let me know. This does not mean that all Gray Hat SEO methods are ethical. But that doesn’t cause your website to be banned by search engines. Nevertheless, it is not yet considered the safest way to follow this technique. On the contrary, it is dangerous.

Gray hat SEO techniques include buying links, duplicate content, buying old domain names, buying social media followers, exchanging content, link farming, and unethical redirects.

As a tip, we recommend that you do not use SEO techniques that violate Google’s webmaster guidelines.

Benefits of search engine optimization

I know I won’t use SEO unless I understand the benefits of SEO. Here are some of the benefits of SEO that everyone needs to know-

  • The main goal of SEO is to target high-quality traffic, that is, organic traffic.
  • SEO maintains the structure of your website and makes it easier for users to navigate. Not only that, it makes search engines easier to crawl.
  • Website owners choose SEO because it’s an inbound marketing strategy. In other words, this is a customer-centric way to get traffic.
  • Websites and their high-quality content pages.
  • SEO is cost-effective. You don’t have to spend hundreds or thousands of dollars on advertising.
  • You don’t have to invest too much. The content you publish must be of high quality, but you only have to spend the right amount of time.
  • You may have heard of PPC (Pay Per Click) advertising. But you may not have heard of the fact that SEO is more efficient and faster than them. This results in 80% more clicks than PPC ads.
  • SEO is a long-term strategy that includes link building and keyword research to ensure organic traffic.
  • SEO helps you stay ahead of the competition.
  • It provides a higher CTR.
  • For those who own an e-commerce website, SEO helps increase sales and potential customers.
  • It can help you track down your weaknesses and ups and downs.
  • You can combine SEO with other marketing strategies to improve your website’s ranking.

Let’s stop here. SEO has so many benefits that it can take a day to read, but there may still be some left.

How has SEO changed over the years?

  1. Content Quality-Previously, Google didn’t pay much attention to content quality, but now it’s primarily about content quality. If the content is incorrect, Google will not consider anything else.
  2. Quality is better than quantity-Previously, the quantity was thought to be better than quality, but now everything has changed. Quality is Google’s top priority. It doesn’t matter if there are few pages, but it should be rich and diverse. A good runner is worth 100 useless pages.
  3. Pay more attention to link building-In the last decade, Google counts the number of internal and external links, whether or not they are present in the relevant content. But now, as a change, relationships with irrelevant content are being discounted.
  4. User Experience-It’s all for Google users. If you can satisfy your users, Google will count you.
  5. Keyword Accuracy Competition-Previously, there wasn’t much competition for the exact keywords. Nonetheless, with the advent of keyword precision games, Google is considering ranking web pages.
  6. Google UI Changes-Feature snippets, voice search, podcasts, site structure data, and new user interface changes are some of the changes that play a crucial role in attracting Google traffic.
  7. Link Attributes-Previously, for all paid, sponsored, UGC, and untrusted links, rel-tag had only one attribute, rel = “nofollow.” But now, the red label has three attributes: rel =” nofollow”, “rel =” sponsor, and “rel =” ugc”.
  8. Mobile First-This era is the era of mobile phones. Almost 65% of the traffic comes from mobile phones. Google is more focused on optimizing mobile websites. Therefore, all website owners keep this in mind when creating mobile-friendly websites.
  9. Google Search Console (GSC)-The Google Search Console has specific improvements, or it can be said that its model has changed compared to a few years ago.

Why do you need SEO?

Anyone who owns a website blog or starts an online business needs SEO. It’s impossible to enter top results without SEO. Even if you provide the best content and the best products, you need to show SEO at the top of your search results. Because your competitors are already using it and are beating you. If you want to compete, you have to use SEO. User intent is paramount, but you can’t rely on it alone. You need the right keywords to rank, but this can only be achieved through SEO.


Call it the needs of a revolution or era, but if you want to see your website ranked in the hundreds, SEO is what you need most. So if you’re going to get thousands of views, you can’t just rely on the content. You need to do proper search engine optimization.

Without search engine optimization, you won’t get the results you want. Last but not least, if you’re not on the first page of SERP, you have to accept the fact that it’s not good.

I hope you find this article helpful. Which SEO strategy do you think is best for you? Share your opinion in the comments.


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