Is it Tomato Fruit or vegetable?

tomato fruit or vegetable

Either way, Tomato is delicious.

Tomato is an edible berry of the plant Solanum Lycopersicum, commonly known as the tomato plant. This species originated in western South America and Central America, tomatoes are an important source of umami. Tomatoes can be eaten raw or cooked in a variety of ways and are used in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks.

Without a doubt, tomatoes are one of the most versatile foods around, and summer salads are just as comfortable as marinara sauce. But are tomatoes a fruit? Or are you eating vegetables? There are tomatoes for each color, suitable for all tastes. Cherry, steak, traditional, sweet and sour, all tomatoes, all delicious. As a bonus, they are also one of the easiest vegetables to grow at home. Or the simplest fruit? Good tomatoes taste like sunlight, that should be all we need to know. However, it turns out that defining food as fruit or vegetable is not as easy as it looks.

Are tomatoes fruits or vegetables?

Farmers, chefs, and lawyers all have different answers to this question. This may be easy for us. Do you eat at noon? vegetable. Do you eat for dessert? fruits! But it’s not easy. Fruits and vegetables have legal and scientific definitions. Tomatoes are formed from flowers and contain seeds, which meets the scientific definition of fruit. Therefore, in botany, tomatoes are fruits. But the way we eat and treat them in cooking means that they also belong to the legal category of vegetables.

Why are tomatoes fruit?

To answer the question “Is the tomato a fruit?”, Let’s first look at the definition of fruit. According to Merriam-Webster, fruits are “edible reproductive bodies of seed plants, especially plants with sweet pulp.” Real tomato plants are seed plants that can grow the red edible tomatoes that people know and love. Tomatoes are not as sweet as other fruits (such as peaches), but not as bitter as some vegetables (brussels sprouts). With this definition in mind, everything from pepper to cucumber is fruit, but carrots and potatoes are not. An interesting fact is that potatoes are distant relatives of tomatoes. However, as a root vegetable, it does not meet the definition of “vine fruit” that bears tomatoes.

Why are tomatoes vegetables?

Tomato Fruit or Vegetable

Although tomatoes are scientifically fruits, they are legally classified as vegetables. This may seem surprising, but in reality, there are far more vegetable categories than you might think. According to Merriam-Webster, vegetables are “herbs that are usually grown as an edible part and are usually eaten as part of the diet.” This means that the vegetable category includes all plant parts such as roots, leaves, and stems. Fruits, on the other hand, are only part of the seed-carrying plant. Beets, spinach, and broccoli are all vegetables, so it’s best to eat them according to the season.

By this definition, tomatoes are not vegetables. So are tomatoes a fruit? Not perfect. In 1893, Congress passed a tariff bill that imposes a 10% tax on all vegetables. Therefore, to avoid paying fees, merchants claim that tomatoes are fruits. The Supreme Court’s ruling, in this case, stated that for “trade and commercial purposes”, tomatoes should be classified as vegetables rather than fruits because they are cooked by chefs and people eat like vegetables. This means that legally speaking, tomatoes are vegetables.

Are tomatoes fruits? Are tomatoes vegetables?

Tomatoes contain many ingredients such as essential fiber, vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants. You need to consume them regularly along with all the other favorite fruits and vegetables. As far as the exact definition is concerned, it doesn’t matter. After all, the World Health Organization recommends that everyone eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day for reasons. They are equally beneficial and equally necessary for the functioning of our body.

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9 Ways to Maintaining Good Health | Daily Tips

good health

What is Maintaining Good Health?

In most cases, we believe that maintaining good health requires a lot of effort, time, and money. But in reality, incorporating some new habits into your daily life can change your life and make you feel healthier. For example, you can use fruits to whiten your teeth and drink hot coffee to keep your gallbladder healthy. This article will show you how many natural and affordable ways to treat yourself.

The Brightside Team will give you a series of simple life tips to treat your body and give yourself some love properly.

Try using grape juice to treat migraines.

If you’re suffering from migraines and are looking for a more natural way to stop intolerable pain, grape juice is the answer. Grape juice can save the situation, as migraine headaches are primarily due to an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin. It acts as a preventative effect, not as an analgesic. Therefore, if you experience a migraine attack, take grape juice to prevent it.

Grapes are flush in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Vitamin B2, which help prevent migraines. Let us disassemble it for you Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin. It is involved in treating migraines and acts as an iron antagonist that balances chemicals in the brain and reduces the amount of iron in the blood that can cause migraines.

good health

Eating salmon makes your hair shiny and healthy.

Healthy hair is what we all dream of. But, especially in the morning, when I wake up and look in the mirror, I wonder if lousy hair days far outweigh good hair. The problem is that it’s not just something you put on the tip of your hair; it’s something you eat. An important skill here is salmon. Salmon is rich in vitamin D and omega-three fatty acids, which are essential for keeping hair and scalp hydrated.

In addition, omega three can smooth the scalp and keep the hair follicles clean and healthy. Omega 3 is undoubtedly a protein, so a lack of omega 3 interferes with the average rate of hair growth. So the more salmon you eat, the healthier you and your hair will be. In addition, due to its moisturizing effect, omega-3s can reduce inflammation, help treat dandruff, and reduce dryness, which can cause hair damage.

You can reduce overweight by drinking lemon + saltwater.

As you know, lemonade is perfect for you, but in most cases, it’s not as tasty as orange juice or energy drinks. Lemon and salt are two magical ingredients that help remove toxins from the body and quickly lose excess weight. This is because you have more bowel movements, less appetite, and no excessive calorie intake.

Lemon and saltwater can also speed up your metabolism, and there are even studies supporting this. According to the National Institutes of Health Association, drinking more water increases mitochondrial function. As a result, It helps the body generate more energy without calories and heat generation (a metabolic process that burns faster calories). 

Whiten your nails with toothpaste.

Yellowing around the nails and on the nails is quite natural, but it can also look bad. So if you’re looking for a natural way to whiten your nails, toothpaste is the answer. Toothpaste not only whitens and protects your teeth, but it’s all keratin-based, so it has the same effect on your nails.

In this hack, you take a clean toothbrush, apply toothpaste to its tip, and use it to scrub your nails gently. Then, leave it there for a while, wash your hands as usual, and done!

good health

Create your hair growth essence to promote hair growth.

As mentioned earlier, dieting is the key to faster and healthier hair growth, but for those who want to go further, here’s how to make your hair growth serum. The first ingredient needed is castor oil. It contains essential nutrients such as vitamin E, omega-9, and omega-6 fatty acids that moisturize the scalp, as well as minerals that moisturize and permeate the scalp.

The second is avocado oil, which is rich in vitamins and minerals such as oleic acid. Oleic acid is an unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid that helps nourish hair and prevent hair damage. In addition, it is the only oil that can penetrate and moisturize the hair shaft, rather than staying in the hair and functioning as an oil layer.

The last ingredient is coconut oil. It is considered the king of all oils for a variety of reasons. First of all, coconut oil is the only oil applied to the hair and prevents it from losing protein. Rich in omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9 fatty acids, it can also protect your hair shaft from environmental and sun damage.

This is how you make the mixture:

  • Put 1/3 castor oil, 1/3 avocado oil, and 1/3 coconut oil in a small container.
  • Shaking the bottle is sound.
  • Apply to scalp and hair and full massage for 10-15 minutes.
  • Leave it for 30 minutes to 1 hour.
  • Take a shower and oil the edges of your hair while it is still wet.
  • Repeat 3 times a week.

Eat breakfast within the first 30 minutes of waking up.

When you wake up, it’s essential to have breakfast within 30 minutes of opening your eyes after drinking lemon and saltwater. Missing breakfast is a big mistake, even if you don’t feel hungry, especially when you want to lose or maintain weight. According to data from the National Weight Control Registry, more than 70% of successful dieters eat breakfast within 30 minutes of waking up.

This is because metabolism during sleep is relatively slow, and it takes an hour to start functioning normally. Therefore, if you eat breakfast before your metabolism is fully awake, you will feel full for a long time. As a result, you will not be able to eat heavy breakfast or large meals later in the day.

Take hydrolyzed collagen instead of applying it to your skin.

Aging is something most of us have never actually accepted and is usually first noticed in the appearance of the skin. We are all trying to “rejuvenate” the skin by buying moisturizers, masks, and serums that are rich in collagen (a protein that tightens and keeps the skin shining in its thirties).

The problem is that collagen, even hydrolyzed collagen, does not penetrate the skin to the extent that it binds to other proteins and helps improve overall health. Therefore, the best way is to take supplements. Studies show that taking hydrolyzed collagen can delay aging by 27%. And improve bone health, increase muscle mass, prevent bone loss and osteoporosis, and relieve joint pain.

good health

Whiten your teeth with fruits.

The best thing everyone can wear is a bright smile, but what if you don’t show your teeth with confidence because your teeth look a little yellow? Well, don’t worry, you can change all of this depending on your diet. Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants work mysteriously to remove yellow stains from your teeth.

Strawberries whiten teeth and help remove coffee and wine stains.

Apples can be used as a natural detergent because they produce more saliva in the mouth and act as a “self-cleaning” agent.

Oranges and sour fruits help neutralize the acidity of the mouth, which causes tooth decay.

Drink plenty of coffee for a healthy gallbladder.

Coffee may be associated with an unhealthy diet, but the purest coffee is good for you. Please think about it. This is a soy juice made from hot water and has many health benefits mentioned in other articles. One of the essential benefits of coffee is that it can promote a healthy gallbladder.

Studies show that coffee activates the contraction of the gallbladder—this belief to be caused by the caffeine in it. In addition, studies have shown that the increased contraction of the gallbladder caused by coffee can prevent tiny crystals in the gallbladder from turning into large gallstones. So it’s better to drink hot coffee yourself to keep your gallbladder healthy. So the next time someone says you’re addicted, show me this article!

Which of the following healthy life tips would you like to try? Also, if you have any health tips or tricks you can offer us, please read them in the comments!

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What is obesity | Overweight | 8 tips for prevent

What is obesity , overweight and 8 tips for prevent

According to science, the cause of obesity

Over 42% of Americans suffer from obesity. This is the reason.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 42% of American adults are considered obese They say, “Obesity may be a serious chronic malady. In the United States, the prevalence of obesity continues to rise.” In fact, they use the term “epidemic” to describe this condition. A preventable cause of death in countries where this condition is most common after smoking. What is it and what is the main reason for it? Learn everything you need to know about obesity and read to ensure the health of yourself and others,

What is obesity?

What is obesity , overweight and 8 tips for prevent

Artur Viana, MD, clinical special director of Yale Medical’s Metabolic Health and Weight Loss Program, pointed to a proper definition of fat. it’s a chronic, recurrent, complex, neurobehavioral disorder during which enhanced body fat promotes fat disfunction and abnormal fat mass and strength. .. Leads to poor metabolism, biomechanics, and psychosocial health effects.

Dr. Viana explains: “For simplicity, it is a (chronic) disease that lasts for years. It may improve and then worsen (recurrence), and there may be many different causes.” “In obesity, Fat mass increases and adipose tissue, which is involved in many important regulatory stages of metabolism, does not function properly. ”

What if you are obese?

Some people think of obesity by appearance, but they are most worried about the damage to the human body caused by obesity. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention explains: “Obesity is serious as a result of it’s related to poor mental state outcomes and poor quality of life.” Dr. Viana pointed out that health complications include damage to the organ system and can cause a variety of problems, including diabetes, joint disease, and gastroesophageal reflux disease.

How can I know that I am obese?

Dr. Viana has revealed that there is no perfect way to diagnose obesity, but the most common way is to calculate your body mass index (BMI). “This number is the weight (kg) of a person divided by the square of the height (m),” he explained.

“But everybody has to take this under consideration as a result of the body mass index does not replicate health well and does not take under consideration body composition.” for instance, Associate in Nursing athlete’s BMI is over thirty however fat. If not, or someone’s BMI is 31, there aren’t really any health-related issues.

This is the most important factor

There are many factors that contribute to obesity. Dr. Biana said: “Obesity is multifactorial, meaning that many factors are involved, from genetics, lifestyle, mental health problems (such as trauma) to side effects of drugs.”

The CDC states that “behavior may include exercise, inactivity, eating habits, medications, and other exposures.” “Other factors include food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food sales. And advertising is included. ”

What is the first reason?

According to Dr. Viana, there is no single reason. He pointed out that: “Obesity medical professionals want it to be the number one cause because it’s much easier to treat.” But NIH is more specific, with reason 1 being “too much food.” Insufficient exercise. ” If you consume an excellent deal of energy, significantly fat and sugar, but not by exercise or fine condition. Much of the excess energy is stored in the body in the form of fat. ”

How to prevent it?

What is obesity , overweight and 8 tips for prevent

Fortunately, you can prevent obesity. “The best way to prevent this disease is to maintain a healthy lifestyle through exercise (5 times a week, at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise is recommended) and a healthy diet. This diet should minimize the consumption of processed products. Focus on food and a healthy diet. Foods such as lean protein, whole grain, vegetables, and fruits. ”

What to do if you notice a symptom?

If you are obese, take immediate action. “If you are suffering from weight gain, feel unhealthy, or seem to have some impact, talk to your GP. If necessary, advise your GP and recommend it to an obesity specialist.


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What are the Benefits of drinking 8 glasses of water a daily ?

why you need to drink 8 glasses of water a day while you're an exercise?

Scientists say you have to drink more pure water per day while you’re exercise,

Due to the warm climate and long days, people are reminded to “keep hydrating” and encourage to drink 8 glasses (about 2 liters) of water a day.

Don’t hurt someone’s water bottle, but healthy people may actually die from drinking too much water.

I am an exercise physiologist and my research focuses on how excessive hydration and overdrinking affect the body. The balance between water and sodium is an integral part of our lives, so we rarely die from drinking too much water or drinking too much. In most cases, your body’s fine-tuning molecular processes unknowingly take care of you.

why you need to drink 8 glasses of water a day while you're an exercise?

With the advent of spring, hydration challenges are deeply rooted in schools, sports, and the workplace. The hydration challenges that are popular on the market help promote friendship and friendly competition and ensure that you drink a certain amount of water throughout the day.

Hydration and the “Gallon Challenge” support water consumption that goes beyond the well-recognized physiological needs or thirst health.

But that’s not the case.

The water requirement (intake) of the human body mainly depends on,

the amount of water that people lose. The amount of water everybody must drink depends on 3 main factors:

  • Weight. Larger people need more water.
  • Ambient temperature. When the weather gets hot, people sweat and lose moisture.
  • Level of physical activity. Increased exercise intensity increases the loss of sweating.

Therefore, a liquid exchange strategy that “fits everything in one size” (such as drinking eight glasses of eight ounces of water a day) is not suitable for everyone.

It is not clear where the recommended “8×8” water intake comes from. Perhaps the 2-liter intake threshold is due to a misunderstanding of the original recommendations made by the US Food and Nutrition Board and the US Food Safety Agency in 2017 in 1945. In food.

why you need to drink 8 glasses of water a day while you're an exercise?

This means the amount of water in foods, especially fresh fruits, sodas, juices, soups, milk, coffee, and even beer, as well as the recommended amount of water per day. These guidelines continue to show that most of the recommended water content can be achieved without the need to drink a glass of plain water.

In addition, alcohol has a diuretic effect (ethanol acts directly on the kidneys to increase urination), but caffeinated beverages (such as tea and coffee) cause urine loss above the amount of water they contain. It should be noted that there are no beverages.

Now, you may be wondering why you have to drink 8 glasses of water daily, this is happening. After all, you learned from many people that you need to drink more and more wine.

The process called total water balance and homeostasis in the human body is so complex that mammals can survive by regulating their kidneys in real-time. This is why our kidneys are king when it comes to hydration.

For each kidney-we only need one (born with a reserve just in case)-Aquaporin 2 (AQP-2) is a masked network of water channels, paired with a type of sperm. The hormone vasopressin produces a response. This is the body’s major antidiuretic (water retention) hormone. It is secreted by the posterior pituitary gland in response to neural signals from specialized brain sensors that detect subtle changes in water balance. These special sensors are called compartment organs.

Within 40 seconds, the kidneys molecularly regulate hydration and overhydration to address water balance discomfort. These adjustments were due to the mobilization of the AQP-2 channel, and the number of each collection pipe unit was approximately 12 million.

Therefore, if you drink more water than your body needs (more than thirsty), you must immediately drain the excess water. Or, if you forget your water bottle while practicing, you can stop urinating and save water in your body. Compared to the phone applications, gadgets, or personalized recommendations available, this fast-tuned action between the brain, cranial nerves, and kidneys is much more efficient and accurate.

Data show that drinking about 2 liters of water daily can reduce the formation of kidney stones in people with a history of kidney stones and reduce the number of bladder infections in people with a history of bladder disease. I have.

Science does not explicitly support skin color, improvement of kidney function and constipation, and increased fluid intake. Unless you drink a lot of water instead of a high-calorie drink (such as soda), your child will feel “full” before eating. Therefore, drinking only excess water does not help the child lose weight.

why you need to drink 8 glasses of water a day while you're an exercise?

Drinking water can affect the mental state of some people. Several studies have reported cognitive abilities after increased fluid intake. And women with anxiety disorders say that forced drinking makes them feel better. This may be due to the activation of the reward circuit that activates dopamine. Many people with schizophrenia are obsessed with drinking fountains and are told to drink water by “voice”, and drinking water is said to suppress these sounds.

It is worth noting that brain imaging studies have confirmed that excessive drinking is unpleasant and requires more muscle strength compared to drinking when thirsty. “Social polydipsia” causes chronic urination (polyuria) and can cause changes in the internal tract such as bladder distention, ureteral dilatation, hydronephrosis, renal failure, etc. The brain tries to prevent long-term drinking and polydipsia.

So do you need to drink 8 glasses of water every day?

Unless you’re thirsty, drinking plenty of water may not have a beneficial effect on your health, but it can also be harmful. But if the kidneys can speak, they will say that the challenge of hydration is only the market for urination competition.

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Harvard scientists have created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

Harvard scientists have created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

What are gene-editing and CRISPR-Cas9?

In term of gene-editing (also known as genetic editing) is a group of technologies that allow scientists to modify the DNA of an organism. These techniques allow you to add, remove, or modify genetic material at specific locations in the genome. Several genome editing methods have been developed.

The latest is called CRISPR-Cas9, an abbreviation for a cluster of regularly spaced short palindrome repeats and CRISPR-related protein 9. The CRISPR-Cas9 system has created a lot of excitement in the scientific community for being faster, cheaper, and more. This is more accurate and efficient than other existing genome editing methods.

CRISPR-Cas9 applies a naturally occurring genome editing system in bacteria. Bacteria capture the DNA fragments of the invading virus and use them to create DNA fragments called CRISPR arrays. CRISPR arrays allow bacteria to “remember” viruses (or closely related viruses).

When the virus attacks again, the bacterium produces RNA fragments from the CRISPR array to target the virus’s DNA. The bacterium then uses Cas9 or a similar enzyme to cleave the DNA, thereby inactivating the virus.

the gene-editing tool uses a bacterial DNA fragment called Retrons.

Harvard scientists have created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

Researchers at Harvard’s Wise Bio-Inspired Engineering Institute have created a new gene-editing tool that allows scientists to perform millions of gene experiments simultaneously. They call it Retron Library Recombineering (RLR) technology, which uses a bacterial DNA fragment called Retrons to produce a single-strand DNA fragment.

From a gene-editing perspective, CRISPR-Cas9 may be the most famous technology today. For the past few years, it has created a sensation in the scientific community and has provided researchers with the tools they need to easily alter their DNA sequences. It is more accurate than previously used techniques and has a wide range of potential uses, including life-saving treatments for a variety of illnesses.

However, this tool has some major limitations. Providing large quantities of CRISPR-Cas9 material can be difficult, but it is still a matter of research and experimentation. In addition, the Cas9 enzyme (the molecule “scissors” involved in DNA strand cleavage) often cleaves non-target sites, so the mechanism of this technique can be toxic to cells.

Harvard scientists have created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

man who created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

CRISPR-Cas9 physically cleaves DNA during the repair process and integrates the mutant sequence into its genome. At the same time, reverse transcription can introduce the mutated DNA strand into the replication cell, resulting in the strand being integrated into the DNA of the daughter cell.

In addition, reverse transcriptase can be used as a “barcode” or “name tag”, allowing scientists to track individuals in a bacterial pool. This means that it can be used for genome editing without damaging the natural DNA and can be used to perform multiple experiments with large mixtures.

The scientist at the Wyss Institute is E. An RLR test was performed on coli and found that 90% of the population added the Retron sequence after some adjustments. They were also able to prove how useful it is in large-scale genetic experiments. In their testing process, we were able to find antibiotic-resistant mutations in E. coli by sequencing retrospective barcodes instead of sequencing individual mutants, accelerating the process.

Max Schubert, the co-lead author of the study, explains:

Harvard scientists have created a gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

gene-editing tool comparable to CRISPR

RLR allows us to do things that CRISPR cannot do. Randomly chop the bacterial genome, convert these gene fragments into single-stranded DNA on the fly, and use them to create millions of sequences. Screening at the same time. RLR is a simpler and easier way: Using flexible gene-editing tools, you can perform very multiple experiments, eliminating the toxicity commonly found in CRISPR and mutating at the genomic level Improves the ability of researchers to explore …

For a long time, CRISPR has been seen as a strange thing that bacteria do, and understanding how to use CRISPR for genomic engineering has changed the world. Reverse transcription is another innovation in bacteria, and It may bring some significant improvements. “

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Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastics
What is Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastic
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Microplastics | Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination

Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastics

The viscosity of the bacteria used to create the microbial web can trap Microplastics in water and form recyclable spots.

Table of Contents

    Microbiologists have devised sustainable ways to remove contaminated microplastics from the environment. They want to use bacteria to do this.

    Bacteria naturally collect and attach to the surface, producing a sticky substance called a “biofilm.” For example, if you brush your teeth every morning to remove plaque, you will see bacteria. Researchers at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) want to take advantage of the properties of this sticky bacterium to create a band-shaped microbial network that can capture microplastics in sewage and form easy-to-handle and recyclable spots. I think.

    The findings presented at the annual meeting of the Microbiology Society on Wednesday are still preliminary, but in the long run, the present invention can sustain plastic pollution levels simply by using naturally occurring substances. It can pave the way for significant reductions.

    Sylvia Lang Liu, a PolyU microbiology researcher and lead researcher on the project, said:

    Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastics
    Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastics

    Microplastics are usually pieces of plastic smaller than 5 mm and are mistaken during manufacturing and disassembly (such as grocery bags and water bottles) or daily activities (such as cleaning synthetic clothing (such as nylon) and using personal care products). Will be released. There are scrub beads. In the environment.

    They are small, but they are at high risk of posting to the environment. Due to its low biodegradability, microplastics adhere for long periods of time, absorbing and accumulating toxic chemicals. They disperse in wastewater and the ocean, ultimately endangering marine animals that eat them, and eventually falling into the food chain, endangering human health. According to data from the International Maritime Organization, microplastics were found in more than 114 species of aquatic organisms in 2018, and microplastics were found in salts, lettuce, apples, etc.

    However, there is no sustainable, all-purpose way to eliminate microplastics.

    Scientists Find Ways to Get rid of Bacterial Contamination Microplastics

    Through this research, Liu’s team designed a bacterial biofilm made of a bacterium called Pseudomonas aeruginosa that can fix and bind fraudulent microplastics floating in water. These microbial nets capture and collect microplastics and sink them to the bottom. Second, thanks to the use of the “capture and release mechanism” of biofilm diffusion genes, researchers can find that they are ready to release microplastics from bacterial traps and recycle large amounts of microplastics.

    Dr. Joanna Sadler, a researcher at St. John’s Land, who was not involved in the study, said: “This is a truly innovative and exciting application of biofilm engineering to solve the plastic pollution crisis.” Liu and his colleagues have demonstrated an excellent solution to this problem. This has great potential to further develop into actual wastewater treatment technology.

    However, the experiment is still preliminary. A proof-of-concept test in a controlled laboratory environment, rather than in the ocean or sewer, using a strain of “Pseudomonas aeruginosa“, a type of human disease. Carrying bacteria cannot be used in large projects. However, researchers are confident that they can replicate this method to directly find and proceed from the bacteria that form natural biofilms in sewage and other aquatic environments.

    “This is an interesting development in the capture of microplastics,” said Dr. Nicholas Tucker, senior lecturer in molecular microbiology at the University of Strathclyde. “Is it scalable? Sex will be interesting.” According to Tucker, more research is needed on the types of surfaces on which biofilms grow.

    However, such research provides many uses of microbial biotechnology and good examples of the great achievements that microorganisms can achieve. Tucker said: “In general, this indicates that microorganisms can and will play a role at all stages of the plastic life cycle.”

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    What is Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)


    The latest update on November 10, 2020-WHO continues to monitor and respond to this pandemic. This question and answer will be updated with COVID-19, more knowledge about how it spreads and how it affects people around the world. Check the WHO Coronavirus page regularly for more information.

    Table of Contents

      What is COVID-19?


      COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new type of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. WHO first learned of the new virus on December 31, 2019. Previously, a series of “viral pneumonia” cases were reported in Wuhan, People’s Republic of China.

      What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

      • Dry cough
      • Fever
      • Fatigue

      Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include:

      • Loss of taste or smell,
      • Nasal congestion,
      • Conjunctivitis (also known as red eyes)
      • Sore throat,
      • Headache,
      • Muscle or joint pain,
      • Different types of skin rash,
      • Nausea or vomiting,
      • Diarrhea,
      • Chills or dizziness.

      Symptoms of severe COVID‐19 disease include:

      • Shortness of breath,
      • Loss of appetite,
      • Confusion,
      • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest,
      • High temperature (above 38 °C).

      Other less common symptoms are:

      • Irritability,
      • Confusion,
      • Reduced consciousness (sometimes associated with seizures),
      • Anxiety,
      • Depression,
      • Sleep disorders,
      • More severe and rare neurological complications such as strokes, brain inflammation, delirium and nerve damage.

      People of all ages should see a doctor immediately if they develop fever and/or cough, dyspnea or shortness of breath, chest pain or pressure, speech or movement disorders. If possible, call your healthcare provider, hotline, or healthcare provider first to get to the correct clinic.

      What happens to people infected with COVID-19?


      Most people who develop symptoms (about 80%) can recover from their illness without hospital treatment. About 15% are seriously ill and require oxygen, and 5% are seriously ill and require intensive care.

      Deadly complications may include respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock, thromboembolism, and/or multiple organ failure, including damage to the heart, liver, or kidneys.

      There is. Rarely, children develop severe inflammatory syndrome within a few weeks of infection.

      Does COVID-19 have long-term effects?


      Some people with COVID-19 continue to experience symptoms such as malaise, respiratory symptoms, and neurological symptoms, regardless of whether they need to be hospitalized. WHO collaborates with a global technology network for clinical management of COVID-19, researchers, and patient groups around the world to design and conduct patient studies beyond the initial acute course and have long-term consequences. Understand the proportion of patients who give. Does it last long and why does it happen? These studies will be used to develop further patient care guidelines.

      If you don’t know who is infected, how can you protect others or yourself?

      Keep a distance, wear a mask (especially if you cannot evacuate), ventilate the room well, avoid crowds and close contact, clean your hands regularly, cough on bent elbow departments and tissues, etc., Take simple precautions to ensure your safety. View local recommendations for where you live and work.

      When should I be tested for COVID-19?

      People with symptoms should check as much as possible. People who are asymptomatic but who are in close contact with an infected or potentially infected person can also consider testing. Contact your local health guide and follow the guidelines.

      When people are waiting for test results, they must remain isolated from others. If testing capacity is limited, people at high risk of infection (such as healthcare professionals) and those at high risk of serious illness (such as the elderly) should be tested first. This is especially true for those who live in senior citizens’ homes. A person in a long-term care facility.

      What tests do I need to take if I have COVID-19?

      In most cases, molecular tests can be used to detect SARS-CoV-2 and confirm infection. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the most commonly used molecular test. Collect samples from the nose and throat with a cotton swab. A molecular test detects the virus in a sample by amplifying the genetic material of the virus to a detectable level. Therefore, molecular tests are usually used to determine if an active infection is present within a few days of exposure and when symptoms may begin.

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